λογικός (logikos) ~ rational, spiritual, pertaining to reason or logic

λογικός (logikos) ~ rational, spiritual, pertaining to reason or logic

The Greek concept of λογικός (logikos) pertains to the reasoning processes of the human mind.  It also describes the thinking processes through which we reason out the issues of life.  It is where our most intimate and active relationship with the Lord takes place.  Moreover, the Bible teaches that serving the Lord with our reasoning processes is how we become a living sacrifice.

Part One ~ Romans 12:1-2
Introduction

We are beginning a two-part study on the Greek word λογικός (logikos, Strong’s 3050).

 

Definition

Variously translated as reasonable, rational, or spiritual in the English translations; it’s meaning has to do with dwelling upon words or the process by which one reasons thoughts.

 

Origin

Λογικός (logikos) is an adjective derived from λόγος (logos, Strong’s 3056), which means word or speech.

 

Usage

λογικός (logikos) is only used two times in the New Testament.  However, it provides tremendous insight into the intimate relationship between believers and the Lord.  The textual basis for our study is Paul’s presentation of λογικός (logikos) as found in Romans 12:1-2:

1)  Therefore, I encourage you, brothers, through the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, well pleasing to God, which is your reasoning (λογικός) service.

2)  And stop continually being fashioned by this age, but be continually being transformed by the renewing of your mind, for you to prove what is the good and well pleasing and perfect will of God.

 

Therefore

The word translated therefore (οὖν, oun, Strong’s 3767) marks the turning point in the Book of Romans.  In chapters 1-11 Paul presented the doctrinal teachings on salvation, sanctification, and the sovereignty of the Lord.  Now, the use of οὖν (oun) signals Paul is turning his attention from doctrine to something else; in this case an encouragement for response.

 

Distinction

Many call chapters 12-16 of the book of Romans the application section.  The problem with this designation is the majority of us understand application to mean human effort.  That is, we think we must take these truths Paul presented and apply them to our lives; that it is something we perform in our own strength.  This is an incorrect perception and faulty reasoning.  If we truly understand Paul’s presentation here, then we know all he encouraged believers to do was respond.

 

Response

It is a major point in this text that Paul is making an appeal, not giving a command.  He encourages believers to do something in response to what the Lord has done for them.

 

Living Sacrifice

Paul has a specific response in mind: present your bodies as a living sacrifice.  This is in contrast to the the Old Testament practice of offering dead sacrifices to the living God.  Additionally, Paul explains a living sacrifice as holy (set apart for the Lord’s use) and well pleasing to God.  We accomplish this through the reasoning process.

 

Reasoning Process

Looking at the final phrase in verse 1, the best translation is: whom you serve with your (λογικός, logikos) reasoning process.  Here Paul depicts a living, intimate relationship between a believer and the Lord.  A relationship so intimate the Lord desires to be directly involved in the decision-making processes.  Remember, we do not have the capacity to serve two masters.  Indeed, it is in the decisions of life that we are serving Christ.  In every situation we face, as we reason things out in our minds, we must submit ourselves to His Spirit to work His will and accomplish His purpose.  By making such a decision to be obedient to Christ, we surrender our body and sacrifice our life; thus becoming a living sacrifice.  This intimate interaction is the basis for the important commands Paul presents in verse 2.

 

Fashioned

How do we cultivate this intimate interaction with the Lord?  Paul says, Stop continually being fashioned by this age.  Fashioned means shaped and formed as a person by outward influences.  So Paul commands us to stop allowing the age in which we live to dictate how we think and how we act.  While at the same time, be continually being transformed.

 

Transformed

Transformed is the Greek word μεταμορφόω (metamorphoō, Strong’s 3339) and is the origin of our English word metamorphosis.  μεταμορφόω (metamorphoō) describes a change that takes place from the inside out.  Here in Paul’s command it describes the work of God’s Spirit transforming us from the inside.  This transformation is an ongoing process accomplished by the renewing of your mind.

 

Perceive

The word translated mind is νοῦς (noos, Strong’s 3563).  It has to do with the perceptive abilities of the mind; that is, how we perceive the things happening around us.  After salvation, the sin that we practiced continues to affect us because the mind carries a record of the experiences of the old life.  This sin-based record distorts our ability to perceive the activity of the Spirit of God in our life; and is why the renewal of our mind is so important.  As we walk with the Lord through our day to day life, He uses His Spirit to minister His Word to us, effectively rewriting our experiences and making new our perceptive processes.

 

Prove

Paul says the reason for this renewal of our mind is “for you to prove what is the good and well pleasing and perfect will of God.”  The word translated to prove is the Greek word δοκιμάζω (dokimazō, Strong’s 1381).  It is a process in which you approve or disapprove of something after testing.  Through the renewal of our minds, we gain the ability to test the things we encounter in life.  And through testing we are able to perceive what is the good and well pleasing and perfect will of God.

 

Summary

Paul’s presentation of λογικός (logikos) depicts a living, intimate relationship between believers and their Lord.  In verse 1, Paul asks believers to consider all the Lord has done for them (as presented in chapters 1-11).  In light of these mercies, Paul encourages believers to respond by becoming a living sacrifice; which means serving the Lord with their reasoning process.  Paul goes on to explain the development of the reasoning processes with his commands in verse 2.  Here believers are commanded to simultaneously resist the influences of the world; and submit to the Spirit of God.  Clearly, the Spirit’s work takes place internally; ministering God’s Word to believers’ minds and renewing their perceptive processes.  As a result of this renewal, believers are able to test the things of this life to accurately perceive the Lord’s will.  This process is what allows believers to make decisions to be obedient and in service to the Lord and His will.

 

Conclusion

With many believers finding security in following rules and regulations, it is important to understand the ultimate relationship with the Lord results from a decision to present the body to the Lord for His use and His glory.  It is through participating in λογικός (logikos) with the Lord’s Spirit – reasoning out the issues of life – that a believer’s relationship with the Lord grows ever more personal and intimate.

 

Notes

– Logikos is the English font spelling of the Greek word λογικός.
– All Biblical quotes contained herein are a Literal English Translation of the Bible produced by BTE Ministries – The Bible Translation and Exegesis Institute of America.

Download PDF
Part 2 ~ I Peter 2:2
Introduction

We are continuing with part two in our two-part study on the Greek word λογικός (logikos, Strong’s 3050).

 

Definition

Variously translated as reasonable, rational, or spiritual in the English translations; its meaning has to do with dwelling upon words or the process by which one reasons thoughts.

 

Origin

Λογικος (logikos) is an adjective derived from λόγος (logos, Strong’s 3056), which means word or speech.

 

Review ~ Meaning Part One

In Romans 12:1-2 we studied Paul’s presentation of λογικός (logikos); wherein he described the kind of service we perform in response to all the Lord has done for us.  Paul says this service takes place from out of our reasoning process.  That is, as we reason things out in our mind, we seek to perceive the Lord’s will; and then we make our decisions based on that will.  Paul goes on to explain the development of this process takes place as we stop continually being fashioned by this age; while at the same time we are continually being transformed by the renewing of our mind.  It is through this transformation of the perceptive processes that we test and prove the Lord’s will for our life.

 

Meaning Part Two ~ I Peter 2:2

As previously mentioned, λογικός (logikos) appears only twice in the Scriptures; used once by Paul in Romans 12:1 and once by Peter in I Peter 2:2.  Like Paul, Peter’s presentation is that a believer’s most intimate and active relationship with the Lord happens in the reasoning process (λογικός, logikos).  In fact, Peter describes this relationship in II Peter 1:4 as having become partakers of the Divine nature.  Peter’s presentation of λογικός (logikos) is the focus of our study:

As newborn infants, yearn after the reason-nourishing, without duplicity milk, in order that you may grow in it.
I Peter 2:2

 

Introduction

In finishing chapter 1, at verse 23, Peter says believers experience having been born again, not out of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, through the living and abiding for ever Word of God.  Then he opens Chapter 2 with a command to believers to long for (or yearn after) the reason-nourishing, without duplicity milk; which nourishes the mind and soul cultivating spiritual growth.

 

The Word Described

Peter uses two adjectives to describe the milk: reason-nourishing (λογικός) and without duplicity.

 

Reason Nourishing

The first adjective Peter uses is our word λογικός (logikos).  It describes the milk as nourishing to the reasoning process.  As new believers, we start off insensitive to the Spirit of God and His workings because our senses have never been exposed to the spiritual reality of walking through life with Christ.  In fact, Hebrews 5 tells us that we must experience the Word in order to exercise our senses.  Through this exercise we become spiritually sensitive; and as we grow in that sensitivity, we become able to handle the deep things of Christ. 

 

Unfortunately, spiritual growth for a Christian is not automatic like human growth.  But rather, we become aware of and understand the ways of the Lord the more we feed on His Word.  Mature believers are those who have had their senses exercised by the Word of God to the point they can discern between the things of Christ and the things of Satan and the things of the flesh.  This maturity comes through experiencing Christ and that takes place in the λογικός (logikos – reasoning process).

 

Without Duplicity

The second adjective is the Greek word ἄδολος (adolos, Strong’s 97), translated unmixed, unadulterated, without duplicity.  Here it describes the milk as having no double meaning.  That is, having only one meaning.  When presented through the ministry of the Holy Spirit in accordance with the understanding of the original intent of the author; it says what it says, and it means what it means.  If a believer partakes of the Word of God presented in this way, then he will experience spiritual growth.

 

Summary

Similarly to Paul, Peter’s presentation of λογικός (logikos) depicts a living, intimate relationship between believers and our Lord.  Here, Peter commands believers to make the Word of God a priority; desiring its nourishment as a newborn baby desires life giving milk.  Moreover, Peter tells us it is through this nourishment that our reasoning processes are fed and we grow spiritually.

 

Conclusion

But we must understand, spiritual growth is more than going to church and attending Bible study.  Both Paul and Peter encourage, in fact command, that all believers seek to have our reasoning processes (λογικός, logikos) fed by the Word of God.  It is only through this nourishment, growth, and development of our reasoning processes (λογικός, logikos) that we may participate in a living, intimate relationship with our Creator.

 

Series Conclusion

λογικός (logikos), while used only twice in the Scriptures, is an important concept to understand.  Both Peter and Paul use it to describe the reasoning processes of the human mind; where we develop our personal, intimate, relationship with the Lord.  λογικός (logikos) is the essence of our service to the Lord.  Additionally, it is the means through which we express our submission and obedience; effectively becoming a living sacrifice, holy and well pleasing to God.

  

Notes

– Logikos is the English font spelling of the Greek word λογικός.
– All Biblical quotes contained herein are a Literal English Translation of the Bible produced by BTE Ministries – The Bible Translation and Exegesis Institute of America.

Download PDF

PayPal